A first order administrative division of Rwanda according the 1962 geographical arrangement, located in the southern part of the country bordering Burundi. It contained 20 communes (second order administrative units). In 1997, it was renamed Butare province and, in 2003, became part of Southern province.
1900-1916:  German East Africa
1916-1924: Ruanda-Urundi (de facto Belgian colonial rule)
1924-1962: Ruanda-Urundi (de jure Belgian colonial rule)
1962- : Republic of Rwanda"

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A testimony of Antoine Mugesera
Antoine Mugesera talks about his experience before the 1994 genocide against the Tutsi and back to the colonisation period. He shares his understanding of the dynamics of the Rwandan society during that period.