Hope and Realities

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/rga/index.php?action=ajax&rs=GDMgetPage&rsargs[]=1964-01-24TimeMagazineHopesRealities.pdf&rsargs[]=0
Hopes&RealitiesTimemagazineFriday,Jan.24,1964Thedreamofindependencehasmanynames.InTogoitisablodé,inRwandaubwigenge,inSwahili-speakingEastAfricauhuru.Butbyanynamethedreamoftenbecomesahorriblenightmareintheexecution.Ofthe32AfricannationsthathaveachievedindependencesincetheendofWorldWarII(25in1960-63alone),morethanhalfhavebeenrackedbyseverepoliticalandeconomicconvulsions,rangingfromthebloodycivilwarsoftheCongotovirtualbankruptcyinGuineatotheassassinationofaPresidentinTogo.UndermoderateleaderslikeNigeria'sSirAbubakarTafawaBalewaandTanganyika'sJuliusNyerere,independencehasbroughtstability.UnderRed-hotredeemerslikeGhana'sKwameNkrumah,ithassometimesbroughtpoliticalrepressionandfinancialruin.Lastweektheworld'sheadlinesonceagainwerefilledwithcoupsandchaos,borderclashesandbroaderquestions.BandsofmurderousSomalishiftasprowledthewastelandsofEthiopiaandKenya,snipingattrucksandburningpoliceoutposts.TheEthiopiansretaliatedbysendingthreefighterplanestostrafeSomaliborderposts.Beforethelatestborderincidentwasover,58haddiedonbothsides,andSomaliawasnoclosertoachievingitsaimofannexingitsneighbors'grazingland.Tothesouth,inRwanda,tribaltensionsthathadbeenbuildingfordecadeseruptedintomurder.InGhana,wherehewasentertainingRedChina'sChouEnlai,KwameNkrumahworkedrelentlesslytowardhisgoalofachievingaone-partydictatorship.IntheCongo,theoldbogyofsecessiononceagainthreatened.Andonthe34thdayofindependencefortheclove-scentedislandofZanzibar,revoltspilledhopesandbloodintotheazureIndianOcean.
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