Post Genocide Rwanda: The Changing Religious Landscape.

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/rga/index.php?action=ajax&rs=GDMgetPage&rsargs[]=Post Genocide Rwanda the Changing Religious Landscape Kubai A 2007.pdf&rsargs[]=0
Exchange36(2007)198-214www.brill.nl/exchPost-GenocideRwanda:TheChangingReligiousLandscapeAnneKubaiPhD,UniversityofLondon,1995;teacher,Islamicstudies,KenyattaUniversityinNairobi,Kenya,formanyyears;workedasheadofDepartmentofReligiousStudies,KigaliInstituteofEducation,Kigali,Rwanda;currentlyResearchDirector,Life&PeaceInstitute,Uppsala,SwedenE-mailanne.kubai@life-peace.orgAbstractThispaperseekstoexaminetheproliferationofPentecostalchurchesandthechangingreligiouslandscapeofRwanda.Thehorrificgenocideof1994,leftthecountrystraditionalmainlinechurchesbloodiedandtheChristianfaithseriouslychallenged.UnlikeelsewhereinAfrica,priortothegenocide,Pentecostalchurcheshadnotgotafoot-holdinRwanda,thenreferredtoasthemostCatholiccountryinAfrica.Intheaftermath,Rwandahasexperiencedaspontaneousgrowthofnewchurchesimportedbyreturneesfromfarandwide.ThoughtheCatholicChurchstillretainsitsdominantposition,therehasbeenanupsurgeofProtestantsandtheRwandanreligiouslandscapeischangingconsiderably.Thisgospelexplosionhasbeenattributedtotheenormouschallengesofsocialeconomicreconstructionofafracturedsociety,wherereconciliationandhealingareofutmostimportance.Bypackagingtheirmessageswithhindsightofthedisillusionmentwiththetraditionalchurchesandthespiritualaswellasthematerialneedtoarisefromtheashesofgenocideandrebuildtheirlives,thesechurcheshaveattractedthousandsofRwandans.KeywordsRwanda,ChurchinRwanda,GospelExplosion,RwandeseGenocideIntroductionEnormous1literatureexistsonthePentecostalchurchesinAfricaandtheworldover;therefore,inthiscontributionweshallarguethatinthecontextofpostgenocideRwanda,facedwiththephenomenaltasksofhealing,reconciliation1AversionofthispaperwaspresentedattheNordicAfricaInstituteAfricaDaysConference,September30-October2,2005.©KoninklijkeBrillNV,Leiden,2007DOI:10.1163/157254307X176606Exchange36,2_f6_198-214.indd1983/16/0711:35:36AM
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