Perpetrator Photographs


Photographs of perpetrators of violence during the Rwandan Genocide against the Tutsi.

'''Title:''' N/A
'''Date Taken:''' Unknown
'''Photographer:''' Unknown
'''Description:''' Photograph of convicted génocidaires exhuming a patch of earth with hoes.
'''Repository:''' Kigali Genocide Memorial
'''Shelving Locator:'''
'''Title:''' 20. RENZAHO Tharcisse.
'''Date Taken:''' Unknown
'''Photographer:''' Unknown
'''Description:''' Perpetrator photograph of RENZAHO Tharcisse, Préfet of Kigali during the Genocide against the Tutsi.
'''Repository:''' Kigali Genocide Memorial
'''Shelving Locator:'''
'''Special Note:''' RENZAHO Tharcisse was indicted by the ICTR and was found guilty on the following counts:
- Genocide
- Murder as a Crime against Humanity
- Rape as a Crime against Humanity
- Murder as a Violation of Common Article 3 of the Geneva Conventions and Additional Protocol II
- Rape as a Violation of Common Article 3 of the Geneva Conventions and Additional Protocol II
His case is currently on appeal. '''Source:''' "The Prosecutor v. Tharcisse RENZAHO Case No. ICTR-97-31-T" ''International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda'', 2009-07-14, http://www.unictr.org/Portals/0/Case/English/Renzaho/judgement%20and%20sentence/090714.pdf
'''Title:''' 7. HIGANIRO Alphonse. Ancien Directeur de SORWAL.
'''Date Taken:''' Unknown
'''Photographer:''' Unknown
'''Description:''' Perpetrator photograph of HIGANIRO Alphonse
'''Repository:''' Kigali Genocide Memorial
'''Shelving Locator:'''
'''Title:''' 2. SINDIKUBWABO Théodore. Président auto-proclamé Avril - Juillet 1994.
'''Date Taken:''' Unknown
'''Photographer:''' Unknown
'''Description:''' Perpetrator photograph. SINDIKUBWABO died in exhile in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in the late nineties, before he could stand trial at the ICTR.
'''Repository:''' Kigali Genocide Memorial
'''Shelving Locator:'''
'''Title:''' 5. KAMBANDA Jean. Premier Ministre Tribalo-terroriste.
'''Date Taken:''' Unknown
'''Photographer:''' Unknown
'''Description:''' Photograph of perpetrator KAMBANDA Jean, the interim Government's Prime Minister.
'''Repository:''' Kigali Genocide Memorial
'''Shelving Locator:'''
'''Special Note:''' KAMBANDA was arrested and tried by the ICTR. He plead guilty on 1 May 1998 on the Counts of:
- Genocide
- Conspiracy to Commit Genocide
- Direct and Public Incitement to Commit Genocide
- Complicity in Genocide
- Murder as a Crime Against Humanity
- Extermination as a Crime Against Humanity
KAMBANDA Jean was the first person in history to plead guilty towards indictments of Genocide.
'''Source:''' "The Prosecutor versus Jean KAMBANDA Case no.: ICTR-97-23-S. Judgement and Sentence. ''International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda'', 1998-09-04, http://www.unictr.org/Portals/0/Case/English/Kambanda/decisions/kambanda.pdf
'''Title:''' 9. Ibumoso: Barayagwiza J. Bosco, Ngeze Hassan. Ivuga ni Bucyana Martin.
'''Sub-Title:''' Le trio C.D.R.
'''Date Taken:''' Unknown
'''Photographer:''' Unknown
'''Description:''' Photograph of perpetrators NGEZE Hassan and BARAYAGWIZA Jean Bosco.
'''Repository:''' Kigali Genocide Memorial
'''Shelving Locator:'''
'''Special Note:''' NGEZE Hassan and BARAYAGWIZA Jean Bosco have been found guilty by the ICTR.
Nassan Ngeze was the owner, founder and editor of ''Kangura''. Barayagwiza Jean Bosco was one of the principle founders of the CDR and played a leading role in its formation and development.
'''Title:''' 24. SEMANZA Laurent. Ex-Bourgmestre de BICUMBI.
'''Sub-Title:''' Bourgmestre de BICUMBI. Les rameaux de l'AKAZU.
'''Date Taken:''' 1982-06-10
'''Photographer:''' Munyantore Seth
'''Description:''' Perpetrator photograph of SEMANZA Laurent. SEMANZA was found guilty by the ICTR.
'''Repository:''' Kigali Genocide Memorial
'''Shelving Locator:'''
'''Title:''' 9. Ibumoso: Barayagwiza J. Bosco, Ngeze Hassan. Ivuga ni Bucyana Martin.
'''Sub-Title:''' Le trio C.D.R.
'''Date Taken:''' Unknown
'''Photographer:''' Unknown
'''Description:''' Photograph of perpetrators NGEZE Hassan and BARAYAGWIZA Jean Bosco. NGEZE Hassan and BARAYAGWIZA Jean Bosco have been found guilty by the ICTR.
Nassan Ngeze was the owner, founder and editor of ''. Barayagwiza Jean Bosco was one of the principle founders of the CDR and played a leading role in its formation and development.
'''Repository:''' Kigali Genocide Memorial
'''Shelving Locator:'''
'''Title:''' 16. Karamira Frodouald.
'''Sub-Title:''' KARAMINA Frodouald. Il croyait pouvoir acheter la dignité humaine.
'''Date Taken:''' Unknown
'''Photographer:''' Unknown
'''Description:''' Perpetrator photograph of KARAMIRA Frodouald. KARAMINA Frodouald was tried in Rwanda, was found guilty and was sentenced to death in February 1997. He is believed to be one of the leaders and organizers of the Genocide and was the one who coined the term "Hutu Power."
'''Repository:''' Kigali Genocide Memorial
'''Shelving Locator:'''
Source: Keane, Fergal and Alain Destexhe, "Frontline: Rwanda Chronology," ''PBS Frontline'', accessed 22 December 2010, http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/rwanda/etc/cron.html
'''Title:''' 1. NAHIMANA Ferdinand. Le malheureux intellectuel, fausseur d'Histoire.
'''Date Taken:''' Unknown
'''Photographer:''' Unknown
'''Description:''' Photograph of perpetrator NAHIMANA Ferdinand. He stood trial at the ICTR and was found guilty.
'''Repository:''' Kigali Genocide Memorial
'''Shelving Locator:'''
'''Title:''' N/A
'''Date Taken:''' Unknown
'''Photographer:''' Unknown
'''Description:''' Photograph of an alleged perpetrator in handcuffs surrounded by guards.
'''Repository:''' Kigali Genocide Memorial
'''Shelving Locator:'''